The Colorado Medical Board (CMB) was instituted as part of the Medical Practice Act for the purpose of regulating and controlling the practice of healing arts, which include establishing and enforcing the licensing standards for Medical Doctors (M.D.s), Doctors of Osteopathy (D.O.s), Physician Assistants (P.A.s), and Anesthesiology Assistants (A.A.s). Licensure is mandatory to practice medicine in Colorado or to treat Colorado patients. Exceptions exist for the Veterans Administration, Bureau of Indian Affairs, and Department of Defense physicians and other licensed healthcare providers.
The CMB investigates the unlicensed practice of medicine, however, it does not have authority to arbitrate or adjudicate fee disputes. The decisions made by the CMB are not subject to administrative review. The CMB is a Type I Board, meaning that it is policy autonomous and comprised of professional and public members (eight M.D.s, three D.O.s, one P.A., and four public members).