One solution to prevent ethical problems is to obtain the patient’s informed consent in advance to any medical step to be taken. The basic components of this informed consent are:
- A full description of the consultation
- A full description of the probable problems after the consultation and the probable risks
- A full description of what is to be expected
- Clarification of alternative processes that can be applied for that certain patient
- A demand that can be responsive to the emergence of any problem
- A procedure that can be canceled by the patient upon choice
The presence of such informed consent not only supports the patient’s ethical rights but also removes any concern about the confidentiality of data. The new guidelines introduced by GMC emphasized the importance of the patient’s informed consent so as to provide patients with adequate information. Moreover, these guidelines save the patient’s right to mention his or her concerns about the medical system in the letter of consent. Later on, upon the emergence of any probable problem, the patient can defend his or her rights.